Saturday, March 14, 2020
Using the Preterite Perfect Tense in Spanish The preterite perfect tense is unusual in Spanish, and youÃ are unlikely to hear it in everyday speech nor have a need, in most situations, to use it. But you should be aware of how it is used in case you come across it in literature or historical accounts. Except when a writer is seeking a literary effect or providing a bad translation from English, the preterite perfect is seldom used in modern writing. Key Takeaways: Preterite Perfect Tense The preterite perfect tense is formed by using the preterite form of haber followed by a past participle.The preterite perfect is not common in modern Spanish, being mainly used for literary effect.In its historical use, the preterite perfect was often used to provide a sense of immediacy of action. How To Use the Preterite Perfect The preterite perfect, also known as the anterior perfect or theÃ pretÃ ©rito anteriorÃ in Spanish, is formed by using theÃ preteriteÃ ofÃ haberÃ followed by theÃ past participle. It is used to refer to an event that was completed immediately prior to another event in the past, and thus it is usually used in sentences that also include use of another verb past tense. In other words, a verb in the preterite perfect is almost never the only verb in a sentence. Here is an excerpt fromÃ Cervantes Don Quijote to illustrate:Ã ApenasÃ hubo dichoÃ esto el cristiano cautivo, cuando el jinete se arrojÃ ³ del caballo y vino a abrazar al mozo.Ã (The Christian captive had barely said this when the horseman leaped off his horse and came to hug the lad.) Note that the act of saying something (hubo dicho) immediately preceded a past action of hugging the lad. As in the examples below, use of the preterite perfect follows a phrase or word with a time element. Regardless of the specific words used, the word or phrase can be translated as something that means as soon as or immediately after, as that sense of immediacy is conveyed by the verb tense. And while the preterite perfect frequently is translated using an English perfect tense (one using had and the participle), it is often fine to translate using the simple preterite. There seems to be little difference, for example, in meaning between as soon as I saw it and as soon as I had seen it, so feel free to use whichever sounds better. Examples of the Preterite Perfect in Use Y luego que yo laÃ hube visto, caÃ sobre mi rostro.Ã (And as soon as I saw it, I fell upon my face.)CuandoÃ hubo comprendidoÃ esto no pudo evitar echar un vistazo al chico.Ã (Once he understood this he could not avoid glancing at the boy.)Una vez queÃ hubimos encontradoÃ un rbol que daba sombra, me ayudÃ ³ a sentarme en el pasto.Ã (Once we found a tree that provided shade, he helped me get seated in the grass.)Una vezÃ hube conocidoÃ varios pueblos de la provincia, decidÃ escaparme al Sur.Ã (Once I had met some peoples from the province, I decided to flee to the South.)Cuando todos los diosesÃ hubieron muerto, Tonatiuh, el sol, comenzÃ ³ su interminable camino por el firmamento.Ã (When all the gods died, Tonatiuh, the sun, began his eternal journey through the firmament.()CuandoÃ hube sabidoÃ del budismo sabÃ a bien lo que era el dharma.Ã (As soon as I knew about Buddhism, I knew what the dharma was.)
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
International Insurance Law - Assignment Example The fundamentals of insurance law make it applicable to various streams of operations. In the English laws, varied applications of insurance law are considered under the Insurance Act 2015. Section 14(1) of this Act defines insurance law in terms that Ã¢â¬Å"Any rule of law permitting a party to a contract of insurance to avoid the contract on the ground that the utmost good faith has not been observed by the other party is abolishedÃ¢â¬ . Considerably, in this context, it is worth mentioning that the insurance law applicable under the mentioned Act has evolved with time and has been changed as deemed appropriate to the current legislative contexts, having an impact on insurance contracts. In its recent changes, the law commission has been concerned with the applicability of the Act, which now ranges to a more diversified platform of insurance and reinsurance contracts. These reforms have been most visible in relation to the Ã¢â¬Ëtest of materiality of non-disclosure and misrepre sentationÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Ëthe way of performance of the duty of good faithÃ¢â¬â¢, and Ã¢â¬Ëthe remedies assured in compensation to the breach of the duty of good faithÃ¢â¬â¢. These changes have further been speculated to impose significant impacts on the industry operations, ranging to various sectors. Besides imposing effects on the common law approaches, the changes and reforms made in Insurance Act 2015 are also asserted to deliver special focus on Marine Insurance Act (MIA 1906) norms with regard to the stated dimensions.
Monday, February 10, 2020
Films and Their Reflection of the Mid-Seventies Era - Essay Example Films are at times influential and determinants of societal behavior. Film, therefore, is believed to be progressive forces in any society and is a reflection of that society. Analysis of Ã¢â¬Å"Rafaelson Five Easy PiecesÃ¢â¬ shows the effects of the film and the reflection of the mid-seventies era. The film reflected the social attitudes and values in the mid-seventies era. Even though, there are numerous aspects of the film that are progressive and Ã¢â¬Å"influential for the mid-seventies era, the film is a reflection of the social context of the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s AmericaÃ¢â¬ . A brief comparison of the film and other contemporary issues of the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s era geys also made.Ã Films are at times influential and determinants of societal behavior. Film, therefore, is believed to be progressive forces in any society and is a reflection of that society. Analysis of Ã¢â¬Å"Rafaelson Five Easy PiecesÃ¢â¬ shows the effects of the film and the reflection of the mid-seventies era. T he film reflected the social attitudes and values in the mid-seventies era. Even though, there are numerous aspects of the film that are progressive and Ã¢â¬Å"influential for the mid-seventies era, the film is a reflection of the social context of the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s AmericaÃ¢â¬ . A brief comparison of the film and other contemporary issues of the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s era geys also made.Ã Five Easy Pieces directed by Bob Rafaelson is among the greatest films of the Hollywood 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s golden era. In the film, the character of Bobby Dupea is the archetype of numerous heroes from that period.
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Martin Luther King I Have a Dream Essay 2. In Martin Luther King Jrs speech he uses a variety of vivid phrases that paint a picture for the audience. For example: crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination the negro is still languishing in the corners of society and finds himself an exile in his own land let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred. These phrases attribute to gaining his audiences attention and emotion. 3. Primary points in his speech: African American individuals are being discriminated against in society, even though the emancipation proclamation granted all slaves citizenship. America will not be tranquil as long as there is segregation. MLK and his followers will only be a part of a peaceful protest. If America is to be a great nation freedom is imperative among all people. 4. It is clear that MLK is very passionate about what he says in his speech. While staying passionate, he understands that he will not win the war against segregation by being bitter and angry. My interpretation is that he is in a way confident that this issue will be resolved, and he knows that this ongoing issue will not be resolved immediately. 5. The audience in this case would be pretty much everybody in the United States at the time as well as us today. MLK probably didnt know that his speech would make such a big impact in our world today, but his speech was aimed toward American society as a whole. 6. Without hesitation I will say that MLK does succeed with his message. Our country today has minimal racial injustice and people can be judged by their character. I think that the reason he has succeeded is attributed to his attitude and poise that he demonstrates during the speech. His messageÃ would not have been accepted if he was to lash out in anger and criticize the white man.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
An analysis of John Knowles A Separate Peace brings up the theme of man's inhumanity to his fellow man. What makes this novel unique is that in protesting war, Knowles never overtly referred to the blood and gore of war; he showed the consequences of war, some paralleling the nature of war and some simply laying out how World War II affected noncombatants thousand miles away. There have been many books written about war, what happens, why it happens, and why wars should stop. Knowles explains through the life of Finny why war never will cease, with only one death in the entire book; a quiet one at that. When Gene is responsible for Finny's fall off the tree, the reader is in some confusion as to what really happened. All the book reads at this juncture is "Holding firmly to the trunk, I took a step near him, and then my knees bounced and I jounced the limb. Finny, his balance gone, swung his head to look at me for an instant with extreme interest, and then he tumbled sideways, broke through the little branches below and hit the bank with a sickening, unnatural thud." The reader does not know whether it was accidental or intentional. It is not until later that Finny realizes that Gene is responsible for his crippling, and what a natural thing it was to do. Gene bounced the branch just to see if he could make the invincible Finny fall; at least, this is why Gene claims he did it. This is true, but at some level, Gene was scared of Finny, of his confidence, his abilities, and his potential for breaking records. Consider Gene's paranoia over Finny's attempts to make him advent urous. Gene interprets these genuine acts of friendship as attempts to prevent him from reaching the top of the academic ladder. This paranoia parallels war in that after it is declared, no one is safe. Countries, leaders, people suspicious of all who are perceived as a threat, causing them to lash out at anyone even peripherally involved. Adequately proven in A Separate Peace, there are also historical examples: the Nazi death camps, the American Japanese-American relocation camps, and the McCarthyism of the fifties. Apparently, in America, the Constitution rules until war is declared, then paranoia and vindictiveness take charge. When Gene had the opportunity to get back at Finny, he did, which is so human it is disheartening.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
Speaking section Many iBT speaking questions ask you to talk about things that you enjoy, things that you value, or things that you are good at. Practice with the following topics. Be sure to support your response with specific reasons and details. You have 15 seconds to prepare and 45 seconds to speak. 1. What is your favorite hobby? 2. Describe a talent you have 3. What is a good book that you would recommend? 4. What is your favorite season of the year? 5. Explain about an object that is very special in your life. 6. Describe a holiday you enjoy celebrating 7.What is a possession you value highly? 8. What is your favorite method of transportation? 9. Where is your favorite park or public space? 10. What famous person would you most like to meet1. Describe an interesting trip youÃ¢â¬â¢ve taken. 2. What is a difficult problem youÃ¢â¬â¢ve had to overcome? 3. What is your favorite memory of childhood? 4. Explain an important lesson youÃ¢â¬â¢ve learned in life. 5. Describe a spec ial opportunity that was given to you. 6. Describe a place that you liked to go when you were young. 7. What is something you regret? 8. Explain about a time when you felt very happy. . What was the most enjoyable day of your life? 10. Describe an event that has changed you in some way. TALKING ABOUT THE PLACE YOU LIVE 1. Describe your hometown. 2. What is something about your country that makes you proud? 3. If a visitor came to your country, where would you take them? 4. If you could give a gift to your friend that is symbolic of your country, what would you give them? 5. Introduce a game from your country, and explain why you like to play it. 6. Where is a place in your hometown that you go to relax? 7. If you could visit any country, where would you go? 8.What is the most important room in your house? 9. Explain why your hometown is or isnÃ¢â¬â¢t a good place to live. 10. If a friend came to your country to visit, what meal would you prepare1. Describe an interesting class you Ã¢â¬â¢ve taken. 2. Describe some qualities of a good teacher. 3. What are some good ways to learn English? 4. What is your favorite academic subject? 5. Should cell phones be banned from classrooms? 6. Should non-academic classes like art and music they be removed from the curriculum? 7. Besides teaching the basic subjects, what are some ways that school shapes children? 8.Explain about the best teacher you ever had. 9. What is something useful that you learned in school? 10. If you take any class on any subject, what would you study and why What is your idea of the perfect job? 2. Describe a skill you want to learn. 3. How will your life be different in 5 years? 4. Describe your ideal marriage partner. 5. What is a job you admire, but donÃ¢â¬â¢t necessarily want to do? 6. What is a skill needed for future success? 7. Describe a trip you are planning to take. 8. Explain what you want to accomplish in the future. 9. In what type of climate would you like to live, and why? 0. What are some things people can do to stay healthy? 1. Explain about a person who has influenced you in some way 2. Describe some qualities of a good friend. 3. What is the best way for parents to discipline their children? 4. What kind of people do you like to meet? 5. Describe a person you admire, and explain why you admire this person. 6. What are some characteristics of a good neighbor? 7. Should children help with the housework? 8. Which parent do you take after the most? 9. Describe someone you enjoy talking with. 10. What is something important that your parents taught you1.If you could solve any problem in the world, what would it be? 2. What are some ways that you can help reduce pollution? 3. Should cars be banned from city centers? 4. How should people who send spam (computer junk mail) be punished? 5. Should people be allowed to clone their pets? 6. Describe how transportation will be different in the future. 7. Describe some ways in which homelessness could be fought. 8. Wh at do you feel is one of mankindÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest inventions? 9. Should genetically modified food be sold in supermarkets? 10. What is the most serious problem in the world these days
Monday, January 6, 2020
Public prayer is an issue that has been a topic for debate among many. The idea of intertwining religion with politics is something that, according to the United States Constitution, has been ruled decades ago as being inappropriate. However, prayer has shown to have very positive results when allowed to be conducted in a public manner. Prayer in school and work settings create a sense of morale and as a result allow individuals to have more motivation with the tasks at hand. Public prayer also promotes a sense of security among those of the same faith. And lastly, public prayer increases cohesiveness among those that share the same faith. Although praying in public is still something that creates a sense of uneasiness among those that are not sure about the benefits, prayer in public is something that should be embraced and implemented so that everyone could experience the welfares. Praying in public was an act that was conducted on a regular basis decades ago. The thought that prayer could create morale as a means of creating motivation among those that may not have been well off was an ecstatic idea (Brown 37). Prayer is based on faith and faith is a feeling that no matter the hardships that one is facing, there is always going to be some sort of light at the end of the tunnel. When individuals are made to feel as if they matter, as if their religious needs are important to not only them, but to the entire community that they are a part of, motivation continues toShow MoreRelatedThe Prayer On Public Schools1240 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFor much of the 20th Century and into the 21st, school prayer has been the focal point of an ongoing debate about the position of religion in American civilization. The question of the legality of prayer in public schools brings together a number of important notions in American government and legal philosophy. 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The FirstRead MorePrayer at Public School Athletic Events1007 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPrayer at Public School Athletic Events -Can We Get a Moment of- -Silence Here?- If public schools are just that, public, then why is the issue of prayer in school such a prominent and controversial debate especially when most of the public wants prayer in school? The first amendment grants the right to free speech, yet everyday students are punished and ridiculed for their beliefs. Is this a fair system? Every person has his or her own rituals and for many students prayer is one ofRead More Supporting Prayer in Public Schools Essay1078 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Our FatherÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Denied For centuries, the debate has existed whether or not to allow prayer in public schools. Many Americans feel it is not right of the schools to teach religion. With all the diversity associated with the United States, public schools cannot select one standard religion to practice, due to the cultural and religious differences in the country. Not only are schools the storm center of controversy involving religious differences, they are the principal institution charged with transmitting